What Is a Project Manager? Responsibilities and Skills

Muthiah Aulia is a professional SEO specialist and writer with a keen focus on digital marketing. Her writing provides insightful guidance and tailored advice designed to help companies and businesses enhance their digital presence and refine strategies for attracting top talent.

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What is a Project Manager? A Project Manager, or PM, is the wizard behind the scenes in the corporate world. They work tirelessly, juggling multiple tasks and responsibilities, to ensure projects run smoothly and deliver outstanding results. While their magic may not always be obvious, they are the unsung heroes who bring order to chaos and make the impossible, possible. Collaborating with them is like having access to a secret toolkit of success.

Project Managers are the masters of multitasking, juggling multiple projects with ease. They are the conductor of the project orchestra, leading their team from the first note to the final encore. No two days are ever the same - one moment they're holding team meetings, the next they're reallocating resources or updating stakeholders on the project's progress. With a keen eye for detail and a knack for keeping projects on track, Project Managers are the unsung heroes of the corporate world, always working behind the scenes to make sure the show goes on. So, what is a Project Manager?

What Is a Project Manager?

A Project Manager is the captain at the helm of successful projects, someone responsible for guiding a project from start to finish. They chart the course, navigate the waters and steer their teams to the finish line. With a masterful understanding of planning, organization and execution, they work within constraints such as budgets and schedules to deliver projects that truly shine.

A Project Manager is a true multitasking maven, balancing the art of project management with the science of leadership. They wear many hats, from ensuring the project stays on time and within budget, to leading their team to victory, and communicating with stakeholders along the way. With a keen sense of purpose and unwavering determination, the Project Manager sets the project's direction, defines its goals, and navigates its journey to success.

A Project Manager is the ultimate orchestrator of success, leading projects to greatness and leaving a trail of satisfied stakeholders in their wake. With their unique blend of strategic vision and tactical prowess, A Project Manager is the secret weapon of the corporate world, delivering projects with precision and style. They are the ones who guide their teams to victory, and who bear the weight of the project's success or failure on their shoulders. It's a big responsibility, and not for the faint of heart, but for those who rise to the challenge, here’s a closer look at the elusive Project Manager role.

Task and Responsibilities of Project Manager

project manager responsibilities

As a Project Manager, juggling multiple facets of a project's life cycle is a must. It requires the ability to collaborate seamlessly with cross-functional teams and communicate with finesse to all stakeholders, ensuring project success. A PM must master the art of balancing multiple priorities and lead the project from inception to completion with flair.

Embark on an exciting journey of bringing ideas to life as a Project Manager, guiding projects through the five phases of the life cycle: spark the ignition with Initiating, plot the course with Planning, power through Execution, keep a watchful eye with Monitoring and Controlling, and celebrate success with Closing.

1. Initiating

Kickstart your project with purpose and precision as a Project Manager in the Initiating stage. Uncover the key objectives, size up the scope, and navigate the risks with a strategic mind to ensure a smooth sail towards success.

As a Project Manager, soar to success by swiftly identifying the project's internal and external stakeholders, acquiring authorization to keep the project on track, and making quick and effective decisions. Speed and agility are key in this fast-paced role, where every moment counts and being nimble is crucial.

Take a step back and ask the right questions before plunging into the project as a Project Manager. Get the answers to crucial inquiries regarding the desired outcome, success criteria, funding source, past precedents, and project requirements and constraints. Ensure a solid foundation for a successful project journey ahead.

2. Planning

As a Project Manager, take the reins and create a dynamic project plan, a living document that grows and adapts with the project. Outline the goals, deliverables, milestones, costs, and budget, working closely with key stakeholders to define the scope, manage risks, and allocate resources. Use this comprehensive guide as your compass, staying on course even as unexpected challenges arise and constantly referencing it as you navigate each day's responsibilities.

As a Project Manager, collaborate with key stakeholders to map out the grand plan: determine the scope, costs, risks, and resource management strategies. Use this living document as a touchstone, navigating daily responsibilities with ease and adapting to any challenges that come your way. Stay anchored to the plan and steer the project towards success.

3. Executing

As a Project Manager, lead the charge in the Executing phase, delegating tasks to the right departments, keeping the team on schedule, documenting progress, and clearing the way of distractions. Navigate the waters of this crucial stage with a steady hand, keeping the project on course for ultimate success.

Be the problem-solver in chief as a Project Manager, navigating the uncharted waters of unexpected issues. When faced with obstacles, take the lead and facilitate resolution, empowering your team to conquer any challenge that arises. Brace for impact, for in the unpredictable world of work, the PM must always be ready to step up and do the job.

4. Monitoring and Controlling

Stay vigilant and in control as a Project Manager with the ongoing task of Monitoring and Controlling. Throughout the project's life cycle, keep a watchful eye, ensuring everything stays on track. Make this task a constant companion, elevating it to the forefront as the fourth crucial responsibility in your project journey.

As a Project Manager, take the reins of quality assurance, constantly monitoring progress, budgeting wisely, and hitting every milestone with precision. When the plan takes a detour, assess the situation with a sharp mind and agile spirit, devising swift solutions to keep the project on course. Lead the charge with unwavering determination and watch your project soar to success.

Communication is key in the closing phase, where the Project Manager must keep the stakeholders informed and in the loop. Report on the project's progress, share the challenges faced, and boast the team's triumphs. Predict a successful wrap-up, taking extra steps for added efficiency, and leave a lasting impression with impeccable communication skills.

5. Closing

Even though it’s a closing phase, still a lot of work needs to be done. At this stage, the PM will make sure all the work the team has done is executed correctly and accordingly. This includes a full project check-up and final assessment. Once everything is peachy daisy, it’s the Project Manager’s task to present the work to the client or stakeholder and get a formal sign-off that the project is done and complete.

Step into the future with confidence, armed with lessons learned from the past. The closing phase culminates with the archiving of project files, ready for future reference and review. This is your opportunity to hit rewind and relive the journey, uncovering what worked and what didn't. Every failure is a valuable teacher, so embrace the lessons learned and stride forward with newfound knowledge.

When the final curtain call comes, it's up to the Project Manager to tie up all loose ends and ensure a smooth closing. From filing the paperwork, including resource releases and third-party work reviews, to settling invoices and ticking off every last detail, it's their task to bring the project's life cycle to a close with a well-executed bow. Only then can the stage truly be considered empty.

Skill of Project Manager

skill of project manager

As a Project Manager, you're the captain at the helm, steering the ship through uncharted waters. To succeed, you need a unique blend of skills, ranging from strategic thinking to problem-solving and excellent communication. But don't worry, you won't be venturing alone, you'll have a talented crew, cutting-edge tech tools, and software to help you navigate the journey to project success.

As a Project Manager, you need to don many hats, from a problem solver to a motivational speaker, and from a visionary to a budget-keeper. And these five skills are what set you apart as a PM, not just a manager. So, be ready to hone your expertise in leadership, communication, time management, negotiation, and adaptability, as these skills are crucial to the success of your project and your career as a Project Manager.

1. Leadership

For a PM to shine in their role, they must possess unrivaled leadership skills that allow them to effortlessly manage multiple tasks and keep the team on track. As with any skill, leadership can be honed and perfected over time through reading and finding the right leadership book that aligns with your unique style, and implementing the principles you learn.

2. Communication

Effective communication is a make or break factor in project success. A skilled Project Manager knows how to articulate their message, identify the right audience, and strike the perfect balance of frequency in their communication. This critical skill can help keep projects moving forward and make collaborations run smoothly.

3. Critical Thinking

Things will inevitably go awry, but a sharp Project Manager with critical thinking skills can be the difference between a smooth sail and a shipwreck. Anticipating obstacles, devising backup plans and making data-driven decisions are hallmarks of a PM who stays ahead of the curve and ensures a seamless project journey.

4. People Skills

As a Project Manager, it's not just about leading the project, it's about leading people. Cultivating strong relationships and navigating the diverse personalities of your team takes finesse, empathy, and the ability to bring out the best in others. Being the glue that holds the team together, managing conflicts and keeping everyone motivated is a crucial part of the PM's role.

Read More : How to Improve Employee Engagement Without Spending a Dime

5. Stay Positive

Leading a project requires a PM to navigate a sea of potential challenges and problems. But with a positive, can-do attitude, a Project Manager can inspire confidence in their team and turn every obstacle into an opportunity for success.

So, are you ready to take on the challenge? With the right skills, knowledge and resources at your disposal, you can become the project master and steer your team to success. Embrace the journey and unleash your inner Project Manager. The future of your business and career could depend on it!

Project Manager’s Career Path


Climbing the ranks to a top-notch position in product management is an exciting journey filled with opportunities for growth and learning. To gain a comprehensive understanding of the industry, it's crucial to start at the bottom and work your way up. The career path from project coordinator to VP of product management encompasses a diverse range of responsibilities that challenge and inspire you every step of the way. Get ready to chart your course and take the reins of your career as a product manager!

1. Project Coordinator

Project coordinators are the unsung heroes behind every successful project! They ensure the smooth running of projects by keeping a pulse on all details, keeping team members in the loop, and acting as the liaison between team members and the project manager. It's a vital role that sets the foundation for a well-executed project.

Responsibilities of The Project Coordinator

Project coordinators are the unsung heroes of various company sectors, juggling a plethora of unique and exciting tasks tailored to their respective industries. Despite the differences, they also share a common thread of key responsibilities that keep their projects on track and team members in sync.

  • Monitoring project development on a daily basis
  • Giving project managers or other stakeholders detailed updates
  • Providing team members with the supplies and resources for their given duties on schedule and within budget.
  • Organizing reports, invoices, contracts, and other financial papers for quick access.
  • Meeting preparation and project logistics management
  • Carrying out billing and bookkeeping duties
  • Purchasing required office materials

Skills of a Project Coordinator

As a project coordinator, it's essential to possess certain critical competencies that are necessary for success in any industry. These skills can make or break a project and it's crucial for coordinators to master them in order to thrive as a valuable member of the project team:

  • Communication: Verbal and written communication skills are not just a must-have for a project coordinator, they are the lifeblood that keeps a project running smoothly. The coordinator must be able to communicate effectively with team members, managers and stakeholders to direct, motivate, provide feedback and resolve any difficulties that arise along the way. They are the voice of the project, ensuring all pieces come together to reach the end goal.
  • Organization and time management: As a project coordinator, juggling multiple tasks while staying organized is a crucial skill. The ability to effectively manage time and prioritize responsibilities is a must-have in ensuring the success of a project and the satisfaction of team members.
  • Computers and data entry: Gone are the days of manual budgeting and sifting through stacks of paper - now, it's all about utilizing technology to streamline the process and keep your financials organized and accessible with just a few clicks.
  • Problem-solving: As a Project Manager, you must be able to handle both the big and small challenges that come your way. From tackling major roadblocks to solving minor hiccups, you'll need to be a problem solver, able to take the reins and see things through to resolution, without relying on others.
  • Optimistic attitude: A cheerful disposition not only helps to navigate through the stress of unexpected obstacles, but also radiates positivity and motivation throughout the entire team. Adopting a sunny outlook can make all the difference in navigating the challenges of project management.

The average salary is around $32K-52K per year.

2. Assistant Project Manager

An assistant project manager is like a protégé to the project manager, serving as their right-hand person. With a background in project management, this rising star has their sights set on eventually taking the lead. However, the specific duties and qualifications required for the role can vary greatly from organization to organization.

Assistant Project Manager's Responsibilities

As the right-hand of the project manager, an assistant PM is tasked with diverse responsibilities that vary from company to company and project to project. However, among their common responsibilities are:

  • Updating and reporting on the progress of work schedule
  • Budget and spending updates and reporting
  • Identifying resource needs and gaps
  • Using reports from earned value management systems (EVMS) to monitor project performance.
  • Taking charge of a component of the project, such as a specific phase or delivery
  • Any other routine, standardized, or low-risk project management tasks

The average salary is around $42K-62K per year.

3. Project Manager

Project management is the art of orchestrating complex initiatives and steering teams towards success. From streamlining operations and developing new products, to constructing towering structures and delivering innovative solutions - project managers play a vital role in making it all happen. With opportunities across a range of industries, including construction, health care, tech, finance, government, and information technology, project managers lead their teams to success by keeping schedules, budgets, and communication in sync, ensuring that project goals are met with precision and panache.

Salary in the United States:

  • $88,907 for project manager
  • $104,126 for IT project manager
  • $108,337 for technical project manager
  • $89,474 for construction project manager
  • Project manager for health care: $86,604

4. Senior Project Manager

As seasoned pros, senior project managers tackle major projects with finesse and a wealth of experience under their belts. Whether it's scaling operations across teams, launching complex products, or managing projects with extended timelines, senior PMs lead the charge and tackle challenges with confidence and precision. With years of industry expertise, they bring a wealth of knowledge and skill to the table, ensuring the success of even the biggest projects.

Senior Project Manager’s Responsibilities

Responsibilities of a senior project manager may include:

  • Being the escalation point: Senior project managers may be the primary point of contact for stakeholders on junior staff projects. This offers a solution for difficulties that the project manager cannot resolve on their own.
  • When a project becomes too far off track, a senior project manager may assist the project manager or take over the project.
  • Senior project managers may assist in the interviewing and recruiting of new project staff.
  • Project managers may report directly to senior project managers in some organizations.
  • Senior project managers are frequently expected to coach and mentor junior workers.
  • People in this capacity may be expected to serve as role models for junior members of the team.
  • A senior project manager may be required to assist with program management and other PMO activities.
  • Senior project managers can serve as champions of learning, process improvement, and project management throughout their organizations.

Senior project managers earn an average of $119,754 a year in the United States.

5. Director of Project Management

As the helm of the project management division, directors of project management chart the course for their company's success. They are the masterminds behind ensuring each project aligns with the bigger picture and devising a roadmap for goal attainment. They lead a team of project managers, collaborate with cross-functional teams, and hold discussions with top executives to drive their company forward.

Responsibilities of DPM

A project management director often has a wide range of responsibilities, which can include:

  • Developing project implementation plans and monitoring progress to ensure that deadlines are met
  • Supervising the creation of project documents such as scope statements, timetables, and budgets
  • Assigning resources to projects based on skill sets and availability, and making necessary modifications
  • Building rapport with clients and managing client relationships to ensure continuing cooperation throughout the course of a project
  • Assessing potential risks and developing contingency plans to mitigate such difficulties
  • Supervising team meetings to ensure that all team members are involved in the project and understand their roles.
  • Monitoring the budget throughout a project to identify potential cost overruns
  • Examining project plans to ensure they adhere to industry standards and best practices
  • Making sure that all deliverables are done on time and on budget

The average salary for a director of project management in the United States is $140,465 per year.

6.Vice President-Project Management

As the leader of the project management division, the Vice President of Project Management holds the key to unlocking successful and seamless execution of projects. They're the mastermind behind ensuring a harmonious alignment of project management best practices, methods, and policies with the company's overarching goals and plans. With a wealth of knowledge on tools, measurement tactics, surveys, and scorecards, they keep project management procedures, governance, and tools at the forefront of innovation and excellence. But their responsibilities don't stop there - they also foster strong cross-functional relationships, orchestrate all stages of web development projects, and masterfully manage a diverse portfolio of client projects.

Responsibilities of the Project Management VP

Here are some examples of duties from real vice president-project management resumes that show the kinds of tasks they would usually be expected to do in their jobs.

  • Defining communication strategy and successfully manage stakeholder communication; align with PMO rules, processes, and procedures.
  • Manage an enterprise-wide software application upgrade from start to finish within schedule and budget using both WaMu project methodology and SDLC.
  • Using industry standards, standardize PMO tools, templates, and procedures for consistent, repeatable quality delivery.
  • Creating worldwide employee training messages including as newsletters, PowerPoint presentations, and SharePoint sites to significantly boost user satisfaction.
  • Teaching the engineering team technical and project management skills that are supported by best practices and PMI methodology.
  • Developing architectural plans that are functional, systematic, and integrated.

Average US salaries:

Vice President of operations: $148,283
Chief Operating Officer: $158,826

Project Management Interview Questions

Uncover the secrets of acing your project management interview with these top questions! Brush up on your skills and get ready to share exciting stories about your past experiences, as you navigate through common interview inquiries that every project manager should be ready to face

  1. Tell me about yourself.

Get ready to dive into their world and discover their unique journey with this timeless interview opener, "Tell me about yourself." This question is a blank canvas, where they can paint a picture of who they are, what makes them tick, and what sets them apart from the rest. So, brace yourself for a thrilling self-portrait as they take the stage and captivate you with their story.

Expected answer: A savvy candidate will use this question as an opportunity to paint a picture of their career journey. They'll start with the present, giving a captivating overview of their current role and responsibilities. Then, they'll delve into their past experiences, highlighting key achievements and moments that have shaped their career path. Finally, they'll wrap up with a glimpse into their future plans, showcasing their excitement and passion for the role they're interviewing for. A well-crafted answer to this question can leave a lasting impression on the interviewer.

  1. Could you describe the most recent project you worked on?

Uncover their secret project successes and challenges! As an interviewer, dive into the depths of their project expertise by inquiring about their most recent project. Discover their preferred project management approach, their team size, and other juicy details that will give you a comprehensive understanding of their capabilities. Get ready to be impressed!

Expected answer: Candidates paint a vivid picture of their last project, detailing its crucial components such as the grand objective, team size, and their personalized approach. They share both the triumphs and lessons learned, giving an honest account of what worked and what could have been better. Bonus points if they bring tangible metrics to showcase the project's success!

  1. Tell us about a time something went wrong in a project you were managing.

As a hiring manager, you're eager to dive into their past and see how they've handled tough situations. The ultimate test of a project manager's mettle is when things don't go according to plan. So, it's not surprising that you want to know how they've dealt with setbacks and navigated through challenging waters in the past to understand their problem-solving skills and ability to think on their feet.

Expect thrilling tales of overcoming obstacles and implementing creative solutions as candidates recount their past experiences with unexpected setbacks. They'll take you through their thought processes and innovative approaches as they navigated through uncharted waters, displaying their ability to adapt and lead their teams to successful outcomes. Get ready to be inspired as they showcase their problem-solving skills and strategies for implementing change within projects.

  1. How should tasks in a project be prioritized?

As a project manager, a balancing act of competing priorities is a daily occurrence. To get a sense of their prioritization skills, you might delve into their approach to tackling multiple projects simultaneously, questioning their decisions and reasons for prioritization. It's crucial to understand the methods they use to ensure each project receives the attention it needs to succeed.

Expected answer: Candidates will reveal the magic behind their prioritization strategy, delving into the factors that make certain projects more pressing than others. They'll paint a picture of how they balance competing demands, and illustrate their methodology with real-life examples or hypothetical scenarios, showcasing their ability to keep projects on track while meeting deadlines, satisfying stakeholders, and navigating critical paths.

  1. What was your most successful project?

Candidates will showcase their definition of project success, highlighting key metrics such as meeting objectives, adhering to deadlines, and staying within budget, while also highlighting their ability to adapt to change and pivot to ensure project success. This is a great opportunity for them to showcase their problem-solving skills and strategic thinking, as well as their understanding of the bigger picture.

Expected answer: Candidates will showcase their strengths and share the secret sauce behind their project success. They'll delve into the key elements that their team leveraged, providing insightful stories and examples of how they made their projects shine.

  1. What’s your experience with budget management?

As a hiring manager, you can delve into the candidate's expertise and finesse in budget management, an integral aspect of project management. To gauge their abilities, ask about their previous experiences and how they've tackled budgeting challenges. Though a lack of experience isn't always a hindrance, this line of questioning can provide a deeper understanding of their competencies in this area.

Expected answer: The art of budget management is a crucial aspect of project management success. Candidates can showcase their skills by highlighting cost estimation techniques, strategic fund allocation strategies, meticulous record-keeping, and effective contingency planning. Impress the interviewer by recalling real-life examples that showcase your budgeting skills. Even if you have limited professional experience, don't hesitate to draw from budgeting lessons learned from your personal life - if it's relevant and adds value to your answer!

  1. How would you describe a project plan?

Assess their mastery of the basics! As an interviewer, you have the chance to test their knowledge and uncover their understanding of key project management concepts. From agile methodologies to Gantt charts, see if they have a firm grasp on the fundamentals of the trade.

Expected answer: To showcase their technical know-how, candidates can delve into their understanding of key project management concepts, such as task breakdowns, critical milestones, and effective team collaboration. They can provide real-life examples of how these elements were integrated in past projects, offering a glimpse into their hands-on experience and problem-solving skills.

  1. If you were leading a team, how would you foster teamwork?

This question provides a chance for the candidate to showcase their leadership skills and give insight into how they keep their team members motivated, engaged, and on track towards project success. They might talk about specific techniques they’ve used in the past, or provide examples of how they fostered a positive and productive team environment. The interviewer can get a deeper understanding of the candidate's management style and whether they have a proven track record of leading successful projects.

Expected answer: Candidates can shine by highlighting their team-building skills and ability to rally a group towards success. They might recount a tale of inspiration, where they used creative methods to build rapport and boost morale among team members, leading to a cohesive and productive unit. Examples may include engaging icebreakers during project kick-off sessions or implementing effective communication strategies to keep everyone on the same page.

  1. What tools do you use to plan a project?

The candidate can dive into their experience using project management tools such as Asana, Trello, or JIRA. They can also describe the process they went through to find and implement the right tool for a specific project. If they don’t have much experience, they can talk about the research they’ve done on different tools and which ones they’re interested in learning more about.

Expected answer: They'll showcase their technical savvy by rattling off a roster of project management tools they're familiar with, such as RACI charts, Asana, Trello and more. They'll share their insights on what makes each tool unique and how they've leveraged them to drive project success, as well as opportunities for improvement.

  1. Describe your experience in this industry.

The savvy candidate takes their research one step further by delving deep into the company's industry landscape. They stay ahead of the game by devouring news articles and listening to the latest podcasts, and even reach out to seasoned project managers for valuable insights and first-hand experiences. They show that they are truly invested in the role and ready to hit the ground running.

Expected answer: To showcase their drive and dedication, they can dive into the research they conducted to learn about the industry. They can share interesting insights they gained from reading articles, listening to podcasts, and reaching out to project managers in similar roles. They can emphasize how their skills and knowledge make them a perfect fit for the industry, and express their passion for contributing to its success.

  1. One of your team members is asking for more time to complete a task. How would you handle this situation?

Candidates can showcase their problem-solving skills by giving examples of how they've handled difficult situations in past projects. With these types of questions, they can highlight their ability to think creatively and quickly, and demonstrate how they effectively navigated and resolved any unexpected challenges. This is a prime opportunity for them to shine and demonstrate their worth as a potential project manager.

Expected answer: Candidates can showcase their problem-solving skills in response to situational questions. They might reveal their approach to handling a team member's inability to complete tasks on time. They may describe past experiences where they found a creative solution, such as adding extra team support, factoring in buffer time in the project plan, or negotiating with stakeholders for additional resources. These examples will offer a glimpse into their strategic thinking and ability to tackle project challenges head-on.

  1. How would you deal with a difficult stakeholder?

They’ll delve into a specific experience when they demonstrated strong workplace skills. They might talk about their ability to handle conflict, communicate effectively, and make quick, data-driven decisions. They can share examples of how they effectively managed competing demands from stakeholders, or navigated complex office politics to get the job done. The interviewer will get a better understanding of how they approach challenges in the workplace, and what strategies they use to find creative solutions.

Expected answer: Candidates may share examples of previous workplace challenges they’ve faced and how they effectively navigated the situation, highlighting their critical thinking skills and communication finesse. They might touch on their ability to balance the needs of the team and the project, showcasing their strategic problem-solving abilities. Being able to illustrate real-life scenarios and creative solutions to workplace obstacles showcases the essential skills required for successful project management.

Looking for a great project manager for your company? Hire them at Talentport.


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