Back-end Developer Job Description

A customizable job description template for hiring world-class back-end developers. Use this as the starting point for your next hire.

A back-end developer is a type of software developer who focuses on creating and maintaining the server side of web applications. They work on the behind-the-scenes functionality of websites or web applications, handling tasks such as database management, server configuration, and building the logic that enables the front end of the application to function properly.

Back-end developers primarily work with programming languages such as Python, Java, Ruby, PHP, and frameworks like Node.js and Django. They interact with databases, APIs, and other external systems to ensure data is retrieved, stored, and manipulated correctly. They are responsible for implementing business logic, security measures, and performance optimization to enhance the overall functionality and efficiency of the web application.

Job Brief

We are seeking a Back-End Web Developer who will be responsible for handling the exchange of data between the server and users. Your main focus will involve developing server-side logic, managing the central database, and ensuring excellent performance and responsiveness to front-end requests. Additionally, you will collaborate with your colleagues to integrate their front-end components into the application. A fundamental understanding of front-end technologies is essential for this role.


  • Collaborating with front-end developers to integrate user-facing elements into the server-side logic
  • Creating reusable code and libraries for future use
  • Optimizing the application for speed and scalability
  • Implementing security measures and data protection
  • Designing and implementing data storage solutions
  • Additional relevant responsibilities may apply

Requirements and Skills:

  • Basic understanding of front-end technologies and platforms, including JavaScript, HTML5, and CSS3
  • Familiarity with server-side CSS preprocessors like LESS and SASS
  • Knowledge of accessibility and security compliance (depending on the project)
  • Experience with user authentication and authorization across multiple systems
  • Integration of multiple data sources and databases
  • Management of hosting environment, including database administration and scalability
  • Data migration, transformation, and scripting
  • Setting up and administering backups
  • Generating data in various formats
  • Adapting output for different delivery platforms (e.g., mobile vs. desktop)
  • Creating database schemas that support business processes
  • Implementing automated testing platforms and unit tests
  • Proficiency in at least one back-end programming language (e.g., PHP, Python, Ruby, Java, .NET, JavaScript)
  • Familiarity with code versioning tools like Git
  • Understanding of OWASP security principles
  • Knowledge of session management in a distributed server environment

FAQ about Back End Developer

What are the specific skills required for Back End Developer?

  1. Proficiency in server-side programming languages such as Python, Java, PHP, or Ruby.
  2. Experience with back-end frameworks like Django, Flask, Spring, or Laravel.
  3. Knowledge of databases and SQL (Structured Query Language).
  4. Understanding of RESTful APIs and web services.
  5. Familiarity with version control systems like Git.
  6. Understanding of server-side CSS preprocessors (e.g., SASS or LESS).
  7. Experience with cloud platforms like AWS (Amazon Web Services) or Azure.
  8. Knowledge of caching mechanisms and performance optimization techniques.
  9. Understanding of security principles and best practices for web applications.
  10. Familiarity with Linux/Unix environments and command-line tools.
  11. Experience with testing frameworks and writing unit tests.
  12. Proficiency in working with data formats such as JSON and XML.
  13. Knowledge of web application architecture and server deployment.
  14. Problem-solving and debugging skills.
  15. Strong understanding of software development principles and practices.

How to assess a candidate for Back End Developer?

  1. Review their resume and application: Look for relevant experience, technical skills, and educational background. Pay attention to their past projects, programming languages, frameworks, and databases they have worked with.
  2. Technical interview: Conduct a technical interview to assess their knowledge and problem-solving abilities. Ask questions related to back-end development concepts, database management, server-side programming, and API integration. Pose coding challenges or problems to gauge their coding skills and logical thinking.
  3. Portfolio or work samples: Request the candidate to share their portfolio or samples of their previous work. Review their code quality, architecture, and scalability of the applications they have built.
  4. Assess domain-specific skills: Depending on your specific requirements, assess the candidate's knowledge of specific technologies, frameworks, or tools commonly used in back-end development, such as Python, Java, SQL, REST APIs, cloud platforms, or caching mechanisms.
  5. Collaboration and communication skills: Evaluate their ability to work collaboratively in a team and communicate effectively with other developers, stakeholders, and clients. Back-End Developers often need to collaborate with front-end developers, project managers, and other team members.
  6. Problem-solving and debugging skills: Assess their problem-solving abilities and how they approach and resolve technical challenges. Inquire about their experience in debugging and troubleshooting issues in back-end systems.
  7. Cultural fit: Consider the candidate's alignment with your company culture, values, and team dynamics. Assess their ability to adapt to your organization's work environment and collaborate effectively with colleagues.
  8. References and background checks: Contact the candidate's references to gain insights into their work ethic, technical proficiency, and overall performance.